End School PushOut for Black Girls and Other Girls of Color: Federal, State, and Local Policy Recommendations

September 2019

This new brief amplifies resources, policies, and practices to create supportive learning environments, where all students have the opportunity to succeed and where Black girls have access to a robust array of targeted services and supports able to propel them to a lifetime of success.


Expanding Our Frame, Deepening our Demands for Safety and Healing for Black Survivors of Sexual Violence


February 2019


Expanding Our Frame, Deepening Our Demands calls for an expansion of messaging and responses to more explicitly center the experiences of Black women, girls, trans and gender nonconforming people.  The brief highlights ways in which systems advanced as sources of “safety” from sexual violence—including law enforcement, educational settings, social services, and health care provider—often in fact serve as perpetrators of sexual violence against Black women and girls. 

PROJECT FOCUS: School Culture and Discipline Reform in Boston-Area Primary and Secondary Schools

March 2018

This document is the culmination of a year-long participatory learning and community-response project. The document outlines policy and school-led practice recommendations responsive to a host of conditions that were named to be of concern by girls of color in the Boston community, and that are typically associated with negative disciplinary and performance outcomes among girls of color nationwide.

This report is a data analysis from the 2015 - 2016  U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights Data Collection. The data summary offers national trends and regional trends associated with school discipline for girls in public U.S. elementary, middle, and high schools. This document also presents data for charter schools.


NBWJI Data Sheet on School Discipline and Girls of Color

October 2018



September 2017

September 2017

This toolkit is based on first-of-their-kind focus groups and interviews conducted by the Center on Poverty and the National Black Women’s Justice Institutite with school resource officers (SROs) and girls of color.  It offers strategies and guidance to improve interactions between school-based police and girls of color and decrease the disproportionate use of school discipline with girls of color, The report was focused on the South, an area often overlooked in related research.

This report discusses concepts of "sanctuary" and "freedom" through a policy lens that centers Black women, girls, gender nonconforming people and fem(mes). Offering a policy platform that amplifies the work of the Ms. Foundation Safety cohort, this report offers a policy framework that expands constructs of freedom and offers anti-criminalization strategies to uplift safety.




PUSHOUT: The Criminalization of Black Girls in Schools by Monique W. Morris (2016)

This is How Black Girls End Up in the 

School-to-Prison Pipeline

by Dani McClain (, 2015) 


Black girls’ zero-sum struggle: Why we lose when black boys dominate the discourse by Brittney Cooper (, 2014)


Dr. Monique Morris Describes Disturbing Trends of School-to-Confinement for Black Girls by Monique W. Morris (, 2013)


Rethinking how to Address the Growing Female Prison Population 

by Julie Ajinkya (Center for American Progress, 2013)


Searching for Black Girls in the School to Prison Pipeline 

by Monique W. Morris (NCCD Blog, 2013)


Yikes! Black Mothers in Prison on the Rise by D.L. Chandler (NewsOne, 2012)


Black Girls Get Arrested Too 

by Monique W. Morris (, 2012)


Number of Young African American Women in Prison Rises  by Charlotte Young (MadameNoire, 2011)

Misguided Justice: The War on Drugs and the Incarceration of Black Women by Stephanie Bush-Baskette (iUniverse, 2010)

The Impact of Incarceration and Mandatory Minimums on Survivors by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women (2017)

Gender and Trauma: Somatic Interventions for Girls in Juvenile Justice by the Georgetown Center on Poverty and Inequality (2017)

Let Her Learn: A Toolkit to Stop School Pushout for Girls of Color by the National Women's Law Center (2016). Available in English and Spanish.

The Sexual Abuse to Prison Pipeline: The Girls' Story by Rights for Girls, the Georgetown Center on Poverty and Inequality, and the Ms. Foundation (2015)

Black Girls Matter: Pushed-out, Overpoliced, and Underprotected by the African American Policy Forum (2015)


Representing the Educational Experiences of Black Girls in Confinement

by Monique W. Morris (2014)


Unlocking Opportunity for African American Girls by the National Women's Law Center/NAACP-LDF (2014)


The Changing Racial Dynamics of Women’s Incarceration by Marc Mauer (The Sentencing Project, 2013)


Race, Gender and the School to Prison Pipeline: Expanding Our Discussion to Include Black Girls

by Monique W. Morris (African American Policy Forum, 2012)



Watch NBWJI President Dr. Monique W. Morris discuss PUSHOUT with the Ford Foundation, November 2016.

Watch AAPF Executive Director Professor Kimberlé Crenshaw with Tavis Smiley discussing the importance of the new report, "Black Girls Matter," February 2015. 


Watch an excerpt from NBWJI President Dr. Monique W. Morris' discussion about sacred inquiry and the development of a liberative pedagogical praxis. Birla Institute of Management Technology, India, December 2014.


Watch NBWJI Co-Founder Dr. Monique W. Morris discuss the need to build an inclusive justice reform agenda, Harvard Kennedy School, February 2014. 


Watch Emily Carpenter, Youth Organizer for Girls for Gender Equity (GGENY), on Melissa Harris-Perry discussing the next generation of feminism and protest. 


Watch Nola Brantley, Executive Director of MISSSEY, discuss responding to the needs of commercially sexually exploited girls. 


Watch Susan Burton, Executive Director of A New Way of Life, discuss the power of redemption.